Role Of Heritage In The Sustainable Development Of Historical Cities - Modern Approach In The Context Of Baku City

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Year-Number: 2022-60
Number of pages: 962-969
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Abstract

The paper is dedicated to study of the problems of development of historically established cities, and also interconnections and demonstration through the reconstruction and restoration of historical monuments in Azerbaijan by means of an example of Baku. The approach with a focus on the historical urban landscapes is not be restricted to preservation of physical environment, but is concentrated on the entirety of human habitat in all its tangible and intangible manifestations. It is focused on increase of stability improvement of the planning and development of the events with respect to existing built-up environment, intangible heritage, cultural diversity, social economic and ecological factors, and also the values of local communities. There are considered the principles of formation of historical cities. The influence of the architectural environment, and also formation and development of the architectural ensembles is indicated.  The connection between the permanence of the architectural character of the city and historical monuments was established.

Cities are dynamic structures. Not a single ‘historical’ city in the world retained its ‘original’ uniqueness: the concept itself is like an elusive goal designed to change with society. In order to preserve historic urban landscapes, it is necessary to create strategic and dynamic partnerships between various members of town living, primarily between city governments and developers and entrepreneurs working in it. Different approaches such as economic, ecological, social and cultural ones oriented on the heritage do not conflict, but complement each other and such correlation is critical to their successful realization on a long-term horizon.

Keywords

Abstract

The paper is dedicated to study of the problems of development of historically established cities, and also interconnections and demonstration through the reconstruction and restoration of historical monuments in Azerbaijan by means of an example of Baku. The approach with a focus on the historical urban landscapes is not be restricted to preservation of physical environment, but is concentrated on the entirety of human habitat in all its tangible and intangible manifestations. It is focused on increase of stability improvement of the planning and development of the events with respect to existing built-up environment, intangible heritage, cultural diversity, social economic and ecological factors, and also the values of local communities. There are considered the principles of formation of historical cities. The influence of the architectural environment, and also formation and development of the architectural ensembles is indicated.  The connection between the permanence of the architectural character of the city and historical monuments was established.

Cities are dynamic structures. Not a single ‘historical’ city in the world retained its ‘original’ uniqueness: the concept itself is like an elusive goal designed to change with society. In order to preserve historic urban landscapes, it is necessary to create strategic and dynamic partnerships between various members of town living, primarily between city governments and developers and entrepreneurs working in it. Different approaches such as economic, ecological, social and cultural ones oriented on the heritage do not conflict, but complement each other and such correlation is critical to their successful realization on a long-term horizon.

Keywords