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Abstract


INVESTIGATION OF CHILD MAGAZINE IN TURKEY OVER THE EXAMPLES OF THEIR COVER DESIGN

ABSTRACT Children's magazines are important not only for those interested in children's literature, but also for researchers of sociology, pedagogy, history and art history. Children's magazines, which are a resource for those who want to be informed about the sociological and psychological development of our recent history and educators, are an integral part of the history of education. At Turkey child journalism with its reorganization is a continuation of the accelerated social change. The first children's magazine Mümeyyiz started its publication life in 1869. In this study; for example, six cover design out of six children's magazine is selected in Turkey. Three children's magazines belong to the Ottoman period and three other magazines were selected from today's children's magazines. These magazines; Talim magazine for children (Drill magazine), speical Newspaper magazine for Children, Yeni Yol magazine (New Way magazine) are in Ottoman language; Atlas Children's magazine, Bilge Children's educational magazine (Wise kid) and Bilim Children's magazine (Science) are also selected from current children's magazines. Three magazines with regular cover pages were selected from the Ottoman children's magazines with a total number of 54 from the Ottoman period. The main reason for this was determined as the absence of cover page or irregular cover page in most of the other first period or beginning period magazines. Also; In the study, only 3 famous children's magazines were selected from today's children's magazines. The research area is limited to six sample journals. As a result of our research; The magazines, which are one of the printed products, reach the target audiences and create the first interaction through the visual codes on their covers. Communication formed by this interaction is mostly a visual communication type. As is known, visual communication is a type of communication that provides all the visual codes on the cover to come together and present them easily and clearly. The transfer of these visual codes in a certain order is also provided by “design”. As it is known, in children's magazines; The main goal is to show what children should know, how they should be, what is valuable, and also educating is the main goal. In this context, the design, illustrations and pictures of these magazines are very important and it is of great importance that the people who prepare them are not only a designer but also those who know the psychology of the children and provide education to children. Because these magazines are effective on children, it is a necessity to design them more carefully and thoughtful than other magazines. Based on this information; Throughout history, it is possible to reach the world of children's magazines in Turkey with researches done on magazine covers too.



Keywords
Magazine, Cover Design, Child, Child Magazine (journalism)



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