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Abstract


DEVELOPING THE GENERAL SELF-EFFICACY BELIEF SCALE AND INVESTIGATING ITS VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY ON HEALTH WORKERS

This study was carried out in order to develop general self-efficacy belief scale and investigate its validity and reliability on health workers. This methodological study was conducted between August 2017 and August 2018 in three different hospitals. The sample of study consisted of 391 health workers participating in the study voluntarily. Item pool, created to ensure the content validity of scale, was presented to the opinion of 8 experts. Test-retest reliability was examined and Cronbach's alpha coefficient was calculated in reliability analysis of scale. In validity analyzes, content validity index was calculated and exploratory factor analysis was applied. Content validity index of scale was found to be 0.99. Two factors explaining 60.60% of the variance was achieved as a result of exploratory factor analysis. The “effort and self-confidence” factor consisted of 8 items and the factor of “avoidance of behavior” included 3 items. Cronbach's alpha reliability coefficient for overall scale was 0.87, 0.90 for effort and confidence factor, and 0.70 for factor of avoidance of behavior. Test-retest reliability of scale was r = 0.97. Consequently, the supported important evidence on validity and reliability of general self-efficacy belief scale. This scale can be used in areas where general self-efficacy belief variable will be examined. Also, furter research can be done in different and larger samples to test the results of study.



Keywords
general self-efficacy, scale development, validity and reliability, healthcare professionals



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