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Abstract


DEVELOPMENT OF LİNİNG COMPOSİTİONS PREPARED İN WOOD-FİRED FURNACES ON CHAMOTTE AND PORCELAİN BODY

A wide variety of linings have been made from past to present. Linings, which were started to be made to reduce the permeability of ceramic pots with the consumption of food, were in the color of the mud, in one color, and then diversified in different colors. It has also been used for decorative purposes on diversified linings, rhyton pots, plates, vases and different forms. Linings can also vary depending on the firing environment. In this study, it is aimed to create green and brown ash glaze on the lining and body surface as a result of the lining recipes prepared using different raw materials and colored oxides, the parts that take the effect of ash on the chamotte and porcelain body in wood firing start to shine after a certain temperature. At the end of the firing, the chimney, firehouse and other ventilated parts were closed and the reduction was performed in the furnace to create different color effects in different parts of the lined body. Copper oxide (CuO, Cu2O, CuCo3), cobalt oxide (Co2O3, CoO, Co3O4), manganese oxide (MnO, MnO2, Mn2O3, Mn3O4) and iron oxide (FeO, Fe2O3, Fe3O4) were used as the coloring oxide in the lining trials. The firing was done by burning pine wood in a wood-fired oven at 1200oC for a period of 14 hours. Small bowls were made from chamotte and porcelain bodies and trials were applied and successful results were used on three-dimensional forms. The results are photographed and reported.



Keywords
Lining, Wood Furnace, Reduction



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