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The Impact of Capitalism In Classical (Traditional) Management Theories

In management and organization activities, it is important to direct people towards specified goals, to exhibit cooperation, to target harmony and to achieve success together. Since the first person, activities in this direction have created an accumulation of knowledge. Theories, approaches or theoretical studies developed for the development of management and organizational thoughts are generally addressed under four different titles. These are the classification as "Classical (Traditional), Neo-Classical (Human Relations), Modern (Systems and Contingency) and Post-Modern (New and Current) theories. This study has been prepared with the idea that capitalism directly or indirectly affects the theoretical structure in the field of management and organization. In particular, Classical Management Theories were evaluated. In other words, Neo-Classical, Modern and Post-Modern periods are not included in this study. Classical theories became the subject of the first chapter. The theories of "Scientific Management" led by Frederick Winslow Taylor, "Management Process" developed under the leadership of Henri Fayol and "Bureaucracy" proposed by Max Weber were focused on. In the second part of the study, capitalist thought is explained succinctly. In the third chapter, the effect of capitalism on these theories is emphasized. The study was completed with a general evaluation and result.

Keywords: Classical (Traditional) Management Theories, Capitalism, Scientific Management Theory, Management Process Theory, Bureaucracy Theory


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