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Abstract


The Problematics of Terrorism, Media and Internet

When we look at the relationship between media and terrorism, it is seen that there is a mutual interest relationship between these two concepts. While the media enables the terrorist incidents to reach a much larger masses, the terrorist incidents provide the media to be followed by a larger audience. All terrorist organizations create fear, despair and panic in the society with their actions and make decisions of the political order in line with their own interests and try to achieve their ideological aim. Terrorist organizations trying to demolish the society psychologically by being fed up with their actions aim at the state's subjugation by using the lack of trust against the state formed in the society. Terrorism in today's world is one of the major issues in the press and constitutes the agenda. Terrorist events not only set the agenda, but also guide societies and shape their ideas. Media appears as a tool in this direction and shaping. The media can become a true scenarist and director of all possible processes with all the opportunities it possesses. When we consider terror with a sensitive society, if the media does not have moral and legal constraints, the problems that will arise are quite uncertain and dark. However, it should be added that the truthfully and objectively presented news has positive effects on the viewers, the ugly face of terror is emerging and there is a mass resistance to such actions. Nowadays, it can be said that terrorist organizations understand the functioning of the media very well and perform their actions according to this logic. It is noteworthy that in recent years, terrorism activities carried out on a global and local scale have chosen a period in which more media can easily display images and put them in bulettin. Among the media organizations, especially in the news of terrorist actions; There is a race to be able to do the news first, to report the dimensions of the atrocities first and in full, and to identify the criminals at first. In addition, terrorist organizations are born with propaganda and survive with propaganda. Terrorist organizations have recently used newspapers, magazines, radio and even television widely for their propaganda. In today's world, they started to use the internet more. Developing technology and social media have started to be used effectively by elements within the terrorist organization. The fact that the internet is a part of daily life, easy access and easy concealment of identity has attracted terrorist organizations. Recently, social media, which is more effective than traditional media, has been used by terrorist organizations in such a way as to benefit the organization such as propaganda, recruitment, fundraising, research, planning and coordination and has become a major threat to humanity. When the terrorist actions are examined, it is seen that the impact that this action will have on the masses that will be reached is more important than the action or the people killed. In a world where terrorism has a global dimension; media, mass media, social media have more impact than they thought. International cooperation is vital in order to consciously control this impact, both in the fight against terrorism and in minimizing the impact.



Keywords
Terrorism, media, social media, propaganda



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