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The Foundations Of Levi Strauss's Reciprocity, Marcel Mauss's Idea Of The Gift İn Anarchism

Anarchism, which began to be shaped by Godwin's views and appeared for the first time with Proudhon, was basically shaped by European thought. Relying on the goodness of human nature and believing that societies based on mutual assistance and solidarity would eliminate hierarchy have been one of the first basic assumptions of anarchism. In this context, Proudhon's principle of reciprocity and Kropotkin's principle of mutual assistance have an interesting similarity and compatibility with the anthropological theories of Mauss and Levi-Strauss. Therefore, in the turbulent political environment of 19th-century Europe, anarchism, which attempts to question the Authorities, has in some way influenced the science of anthropology and the development of some anthropological theories. The aim of this paper is to show the extent to which Proudhon and Kropotkin were influenced by Mauss and Strauss, the important theorists of anthropology emphasizing cooperation and reciprocity while establishing the foundations of thought. In which context these thinkers, who also influenced many Marxist thinkers and social scientists and who were effective in the emergence of their structuralism, overlap with the aforementioned anarchist thinkers and what their differences are, will be held and discussed.

Reciprocity, Gift, Anarchism, Anthropology


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