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Abstract The essential question in the effectiveness and development of schools is how we can achieve changes in higher student performances, advanced social development and changes in the level of increasing civilization (Sergiovanni, 1998). When we look at the literature, as a result of the researches on school effectiveness and the results which do not show much hope in achieving the desired change, the concept of instructional leadership has been put forward as the savior of the education process in schools and heralding the targeted change (MacNeill, Cavenagh ve Silcox, 2003). Although the concept of instructional leadership is widely used for “school leadership” 21st century schools have limitations in meeting changing needs. Pioneer of these limitations is that instructional leadership is directly related to the school principal and it ignores the other members of the school community. Moreover, instructional leadership mainly focuses on teacher behaviors and development rather than student improvement. However, creating an effective school environment is closely related to creating academic, social, intellectual and professional capital (Sergiovanni, 1998) rather than to a didactic teaching process. Centralizing the relationships between members of each other in the school organization, building the learning school community by including teachers, students, parents and the society is much more important than a mere learning-centered leadership approach (Male ve Palaiologou, 2012). In this context, the pedagogical leadership style, which basically deals with the teaching-learning process in a student-centered and holistic way, meets the concept of “leadership in educational settings” in a more contemporary and responsive way. The aim of this study is to reveal the difference between pedagogical leadership and instructional leadership, which is often misused. In accordance to this aim, pedagogical leadership is tried to be conceptualized by analysing national and international literature.

Keywords: Pedagogical leadership, school effectiveness, instructional leadership, school coomunity


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