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Abstract


THE PERCEPTION OF ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIO-CULTURAL EFFECTS OF TOURISM BY LOCAL PEOPLE: THE CASE OF HATAY PROVINCE

The aim of the study is to determine the perceptions of local people about the economic, environmental and socio-cultural effects of tourism in Hatay. The questionnaire, which was prepared for the purpose of the research, was applied to local people face to face and online between September 2018 and November 2019. 405 questionnaires obtained from the study were analyzed by SPSS 25.0 program. Frequency distributions, validity and reliability analysis, t-test, Anova test, Tukey tests were applied. According to the research findings, the economic effects of tourism vary according to the gender, marital status, age, education level and income levels of the participants. Environmental impacts of tourism, participants' perceptions of gender and age differ significantly; however, there is no significant difference in terms of marital status, education level and income levels. The socio-cultural effects of tourism, on the other hand, show a significant difference in the perceptions of the participants according to their gender, age and educational status; however, there is no significant difference according to marital status and income levels.



Keywords
Effects of Tourism, Local People, Tourism Perception, Hatay



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