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Abstract


DETERMINATION OF REQUIREMENTS OF FAMILIES OF ATHLETES WITH DISABILITIES AT NATIONAL TEAM LEVEL IN SWIMMING BRANCH

Our study aims to determine the requirements of families of disabled swimmers with special education requirement. While the population of the research is constituted by licensed swimmers based on Sports Federation of Special Athletes, our sampling is consisted of 76 mentally disabled (special) disabled athlete families randomly selected among 110 athletes who participated into Turkish Swimming championship in 2016. Data were collected by “Family Requirements Determining Tool” which consists of personal information form being consisted of 7 questions and 3 Likert scales being consisted of 6 factors and 24 items. Increasing of the scores obtained from the scale leads to formation of family requirement. In the analysis of data, percentage, frequency, arithmetical average, standard deviation, t-test, One Way Anavo Test and Tukey Test were used. Results were evaluated at confidence interval of 95% and significance was evaluated at a level of p<0,05. When score means of Family Requirements Determining Tool are examined; it is understood that the score average of the requirement of Public bus services is the highest, the score average of financial requirements is the lowest. In the comparison of educational background of the families and score means of family requirements determining tool, no significant difference was statistically found in the course of family, explanation of the special condition of the child to other people, support requirement and information requirements (p>0,05). However, statistically significant difference was found in comparison of public bus services and support requirement (p<0,01) score means (p<0,05). Advanced analysis was conducted for the purpose of finding between which groups difference is available. No statistically significant difference was found in comparison of the occupation of the family and the course of the family, explanation of the special condition of the child to other people, support requirement, information requirement, public bus services, support requirement score means that are among the sub-factors of family requirement determining tool (p>0,05). Ultimately, 53 families replied to the question asking that write the 5 basic requirements in the study related with the family requirements and a common requirement basically emerged in regards to time, financial support, social environment, education, psychological assistance.



Keywords
Disabled Individual, Family Requirement, Disabled Swimmer.



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