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Futbol Hakemlerinin Sanal Mağduriyetleri

This study aims to determine the levels of virtual victimization of the referees who are active in the Turkish Football Federation. The study also used the “cyber-victim scale”, which consists of 24 articles aimed at identifying the level of personal information and victimization. The increase in the total scores obtained from the binary Likert type scale shows that the victimization of cyber bullying is increasing. The data were analysed using one-way variance analysis tables for frequency, percent, t-test and multiple group comparisons. 141 refereeing categories (classification b), age (23-27), and time of refereeing (10 years and over) are higher than others. Total victimization score average is 27.01 while the place of these points in the “No-Yes” Scale is 1.12 with an average of “No”. As a result of the research, it was determined that the levels of victimization of the referees were low. This can be explained by the sensitivity of the referees against bullying virtual.

Referee, Football Referees, Virtual Victimization


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