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Physical And Motor Fitness Of Individuals With Down Syndrome; A Systematic Review

It has been reported in many studies that physical and motor fitness of individuals with Down syndrome is insufficient. Physical and motor fitness are particularly important for health. The aim of this study is to systematically examine the research on physical and motor fitness of individuals with Down syndrome. For this purpose, articles published between 2000 and 2015 have been extensively researched from EBSCO and PubMed databases with the keywords "physical fitness”, “motor fitness” and “down syndrome”. With key words, 80 articles were reached in the first stage, and 14 articles were evaluated in the second stage. Seven of these studies are descriptive and the other seven include experimental studies. It has been observed that the studies have increased significantly between 2010-2015. While all of the studies include one or more of the physical fitness factors, three include motor fitness factors. It is determined that the body composition muscular force and aerobic capacity parameters were examined most in the included studies. In this respect, body composition in six studies, aerobic capacity in six studies and muscle strength in five studies were examined.

As a result, it is revealed that individuals with Down syndrome are disadvantaged in terms of physical and motor fitness characteristics compared to their mentally disabled peers and non-disabled peers who are not Down's syndrome. In addition, the implementation of appropriate training programs with the effect of validity to increase the physical activity levels of individuals with Down's syndrome will improve the physical fitness characteristics and facilitate their adaptation to social life.

Down syndrome, physical fitness, motor fitness


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