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Abstract


The Human And Economic Geography Of Cyprus Island Between 9-13th Century

The island of Cyprus, the third largest island of the Mediterranean where is located in the Eastern Mediterranean has always been important in terms of its features throughout history. Due to the main features of the island at the junction of the sea routes and at the same time, it has been a settlement area since the ancient times. Apart from the location, agricultural activities and above all, the “copper mine” have enabled Cyprus to be recognized worldwide. Since they were in a dominant position in the sea, both close and distant forces wanted to dominate the island. The island of Cyprus, which was under the control of the Byzantine for many years, became an important place for the Arabs with the strengthening of the Muslim Arabs and their presence in the sea trade. The island of Cyprus can be considered as the first step of the Muslim Arabs' overseas conquest. The aim of this study is to investigate the geographical characteristics of Cyprus Island between the 9th and 13th centuries. In order to achieve this aim, geography books and travel books written in Arabic, German, Latin and English between the 9th and 13th centuries were examined. As a result of the study, it was understood that the richness and location of the island were emphasized in both Eastern and Western sources. Information on the settlement and population and economic characteristics of the period in Cyprus were reached.



Keywords
Cyprus, geography, historical geography



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