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Abstract


Post-Revolutionary Iran: Political Developments

In Iran, an Islamic Revolution took place in 1979 and after the revolution, Ayatollah Khomeini, as the leader of the opposition movement, assumed a position even above the president. In Khomeini’s time, the country strived to consolidate the revolution and the eight-year war with Iraq speeded up this process. After Khomeini’s death in 1989, Ali Khamenei became the Supreme Leader while Hashemi Rafsanjani was elected president. Following a more moderate policy during Rafsanjani’s presidency, Iran also tried to erase the effects of the Iraq War. Mohammad Khatami who was elected president after Rafsanjani continued this moderate policy and adopted a reformist attitude. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad who was elected president after Khatami followed a hard line in both domestic and foreign policy while enjoying the support of the conservative class. Because of the foreign policy pursued by Ahmadinejad, Iran was subjected to international sanctions, and the failure of his economic policy resulted in both his losing the Supreme Leader’s support and reformers’ gaining power again. Hassan Rouhani who was elected president after Ahmadinejad is still in power and pursues a reformist domestic policy in addition to a reconciliatory foreign policy.



Keywords
Pahlavi, Khomeini, Revolution, Iran



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