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The İnfluence of Macroeconomic Variables on Automotive İmport: The BRICS and Turkey Case

The automotive sector is the pioneer of the economic change of the 20th century due to its employment volume and technological contribution. Today, almost all of the leading brands in the global market are in developed countries. Particularly high-populated countries are intermediate goods suppliers and final goods consumers due to low labor costs Developing countries accelerated their economic growth by making investments in the industrial sector with the industrialization strategy for export in the post-1980 period. Increased income level in addition to the economic growth caused an increase in import tendency. It is expected that the increase in the level of income will also increase the imports of automobiles, especially in countries with a high young population. Within this context, in BRICS countries that are considered to be the leading countries in world economy due to their population density and in Turkey which is involved in this group having similar characteristics in terms of economy and population, it appears essential to determine the macroeconomic variables influencing imports of automotive products. In this study, the relationship between macroeconomic variables and automotive produces in BRICS countries and Turkey was examined. Based on the panel data analysis using data from 1995 to 2016, a significant relationship between macroeconomic variables and import of automotive products was determined. Accordingly, there was a positive relationship between GDP and automotive import while a negative relationship between exchange rates, interest rates, and automotive import.

Automotive Import, Growth, Panel Data Analysis


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