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Development of A Emotional Self Awareness Scale and Examination of the Role of Emotional Self-Awareness in Anxiety and Depression among Non-clinical Population

In this study, the initial aim is to develop a scale for the assessment of emotional self-awareness; to evaluate the psychometric characteristics of the developed scales; and the last aim is to investigate anxiety and depression in relevance to emotional self-awareness levels in a non-clinical group. In order to achieve this, three studies were done in three different participant groups. 386 Participants were included in the first study in which an item pool consisting of 51 items had been applied. In the second study, 1445 participants were included and selected 30 items had been applied. 653 Participants were included in the third study, in which the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale was used along with developed the emotional self-awareness scale and Emotional Self-Awareness Scale. After 15 days, the 105 participants of this study completed the emotional self-awareness scales again, for re-test procedure. The scale, which was developed scale, revealed 0.85 internal consistency coefficients in the second study. The correlation coefficients for the test and re-test applications was found to be as 0.55 in the third study. As a last task, a grouping procedure were done by computing total score means and standard deviation figures of both self-awareness scales; and the Anxiety and Depression sub dimensional total scores of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were compared with MANOVA. Participants with low emotional self-awareness revealed high anxiety and depression levels, while participants with high emotional self-awareness had lower anxiety and depression levels. The results were discussed in relation with the psychometric characteristics of the emotional self-emotional awareness scales and the relationship between emotional self-awareness, anxiety and depression levels.

Emotional self-awareness, emotion, anxiety, depression


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